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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online Pages 74 Chapters Zhang Heng Sima Guang Shen Kuo Su Song Su Shi Zhu Xi Zheng Tan Wen Shaoxian Wang Tao Kang Youwei Lin Zexu Dongfang Shuo Zhou Daguan Shao Yong Zhu inming Yusuf Ma Dexin Liu An Dong ichang Tong Guan Xu Jiyu Dong Zhongshu Li M'Ha Ong Xi Shengmo Wang Guowei ian ianyi Fan Chengda Wen Zhenheng Zeng Gong Zhao Mengfu Liang Lingzan Yi Zhongtian Wei Yuan Li Ling Dai Zhen Hu Xiansu Wang Niansun Cui Weiping Li Zehou Jin Zhuo Weng Tonghe Wang Daiyu Zhang Yanyuan Zhao Tingyang Gao Lingwen Huang Gongwang Fang Xiaoru Jiang ian He Changling Li Ruiing Xiang Lang Li Yi Zhong Rong Yan Ruou Li Fang Mou Rong Yu Jianrong Wu Cheng Excerpt Shen Kuo or Shen Gua Chinese pinyin Sh n Kuo; Wade Giles Shen K'uo 1031 1095 style name Cunzhong and pseudonym Mengi now usually given as Mengxi Weng was a polymathic ancient Chinese scientist and statesman of the Song Dynasty 960 1279 Excelling in many fields of study and statecraft he was a mathematician astronomer meteorologist geologist zoologist botanist pharmacologist agronomist archaeologist ethnographer cartographer encyclopedist general diplomat hydraulic engineer inventor academy chancellor finance minister governmental state inspector poet and musician He was the head official for the Bureau of Astronomy in the Song court as well as an Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality At court his political allegiance was to the Reformist faction known as the New Policies Group headed by Chancellor Wang Anshi 1021 1086 In his Dream Pool Essays ; Mengxi Bitan of 1088 Shen was the first to describe the magnetic needle compass which would be used for navigation first described in Europe by Alexander Neckam in 1187 Shen discovered the concept of true north in terms of magnetic de


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